We hereby present the results of the second round of the study testing the demand for employees in the Polish economy, being a part of the Study of Human Capital project conducted by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP) in partnership with the Jagiellonian University. The results have been based on a random sample of enterprises as well as analysis of job off ers published online and available in the District (Poviat) Employment Agencies. Just as in the case of the fi rst round, the presented to you partial report, fi rst out of fi ve reports prepared in this round by our research team, has been drawn up mainly for the purpose of reviewing the study results. The main report presents study results with a problem–based approach, basing them on linking information from various data sources applied in the study.
This round’s studies were conducted more or less half a year after fi nishing the fi rst round. The following studies will, however, typically be carried out in the fi rst half of a year, at one–year intervals. The fact that this round was carried out at a shorter interval allows for us to take a closer look at the changes of nature of demand which, to some extent, show certain seasonal properties. While it is true that certain insecurity of the economic situation in the euro zone is casting a shadow over the labour market, it did not have a strong impact, in the relatively short period, on the general trend in the labour market. What we can see there, besides seasonal variation, which has been known for several years now, is some stagnation connected with expecting the situation to take a certain direction and balancing the tendency to import the consequences of the economic downturn happening abroad, driven by infl ow of low exchange rate of the Polish zloty. This might be observed through the stability of the general ratio of companies in search for new hires as well as the fact that the new employees are mainly hired due to employee turnover (detailed data concerning the subject have been included in this report). With this perspective in mind, it is interesting, though not surprising, that there are some diff erences in the structure of the demand, being infl uenced by various types of economic and educational activities (e.g. IT specialists are rather sought for in the autumn, whereas workers, in particular construction workers – rather in the spring). Changes in the scope of competencies of employees searched for by companies active in the job market proved to be insignifi cant between particular waves and show the diff erences in the structure of vacancies.
Chapter 1 – demand for new employees
Chapter 2 – Requirements for future employees
Chapter 3 – Competency shortages of the hired employees
Chapter 4 – Assessment of changes in employment